ESG Reporting: Understanding the Growing Importance and Mandatory Requirements

In recent years, ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) reporting has become increasingly important to investors around the world. As more companies recognize the importance of responsible and sustainable practices, the need for transparent reporting on ESG factors has become mandatory in many jurisdictions. In this article, we will explore what ESG reporting is, why it is important, and the mandatory requirements across the world.

What is ESG Reporting?

ESG reporting refers to the process of disclosing information about a company's performance in relation to environmental, social, and governance factors. ESG reporting involves a company collecting data on these factors, analyzing its performance, and then disclosing this information to investors and other stakeholders. ESG reports can take many forms, ranging from standalone reports to integrated annual reports that combine financial and non-financial information. The purpose of ESG reporting is to provide investors with a comprehensive view of a company's operations, including its impact on the environment and society, and how it is managed.

Why is ESG Reporting Important?

There are several reasons why ESG reporting has become increasingly important to investors around the world. Firstly, investors are recognizing that companies that prioritize ESG factors are more likely to be sustainable in the long term. Companies that manage environmental and social risks and opportunities effectively are more likely to avoid negative impacts and capitalize on opportunities. This can result in better financial performance, which is important for investors seeking to achieve long-term returns.

Secondly, ESG reporting provides investors with valuable information about a company's risks and opportunities. By analyzing ESG factors, investors can gain insights into a company's operations, its impact on the environment and society, and how it is managed. This information can help investors make more informed decisions about where to allocate their capital.

Finally, ESG reporting is increasingly becoming mandatory in many jurisdictions.

Requirements on ESG reporting in the EU and the US

In the European Union (EU), the mandatory requirements for ESG reporting are outlined in the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD). The NFRD requires large companies with more than 500 employees to disclose non-financial information, including ESG factors, in their annual reports. The directive covers areas such as environmental impact, social responsibility, employee relations, and human rights, among others. The information provided should include the company's policies, outcomes, and risks related to these areas, as well as the measures taken to address them. The NFRD applies to all large companies that are registered in the EU and listed on a regulated market.

In the United States, there are currently no formal mandatory ESG reporting requirements. However, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has issued guidance on ESG reporting, which requires public companies to disclose material ESG risks and opportunities in their filings. The SEC also reviews ESG disclosures to ensure that they comply with the agency's reporting requirements, and has signaled that it may consider mandatory ESG reporting requirements in the future.


ESG reporting plays a critical role in providing investors with valuable information about a company's ESG performance, risks, and opportunities. As mandatory requirements for ESG reporting continue to expand across the world, it is clear that companies must prioritize ESG factors if they hope to remain competitive in the long term. By investing in ESG funds and supporting companies that prioritize ESG factors, investors can help drive positive change and promote sustainable practices.

Learn more on how Wequity supports investors with reporting on ESG via this link.